I was a six year old Jewish child in Hungary when the great majority of Hungarian Jews were killed. I survived because of Raoul Wallenberg, a man of vision, courage and determination. Two people, one of them Raoul Wallenberg, the other was our Christian ”maid” who, while I was growing up, was my second mother. Both heroically helped us during the Holocaust and seem to have shaped the course of my life. I have studied what leads people to remain passive in the face of others’ needs and what leads them to become helpful, caring and altruistic and to become positive and active or bystanders.